Website of Joe Landsberger

Working in the garden...
gives me a profound
feeling of inner peace.
Ruth Stout 1884 - 1980
American author, gardener

Gardening is cheaper
than therapy
and you get tomatoes.
Gardens are a form of autobiography.
Sydney Eddison,
Horticulture magazine,
August/September 1993
Still round the corner
there may wait
a new road
or a secret gate
J.R.R. Tolkien

Goodrich Gardens | Leech Gardens | Garden house |
North High Bridge Park | WENGT: neighborhood garden tours

Garden tours (pdf's):
2012 WENGT V | 2013 WENGT VI | 2014 WENGT VII | 2015 WENGT VIII |

Garden tours with histories (pdf's):

2002: Gateway to a New World: Building Čech and Slovak Communities in the West End
2016 WENGT IX: Brewery histories of the West End from 1848  |
2017 WENGT X: Little Bohemia |
2018 WENGT XI: Jeffeson/Randolph/West 7th/Lexington |
2019 WENGT XII: Between West 7th and the Mississippi River out to Fort Snelling.

2020 WENGT XIII: due to Covid tentatively rescheduled for Saturday, Sept 12.
Jefferson Avenue to the Upper Landing at downtown St. Paul

12th Annual West End Neighbors Garden Tour
12 yards and gardens; Centuries of history

The neighborhoods between the Mississippi River and West 7th Street, from Jefferson Avenue to the Confluence of the Mississippi and Minnesota Rivers and Fort Snelling

The great water falls filled the gorges--well before natives and Fort Snelling as illustrated for perspective. Stuart Loughridge’s water color interpretation is based on the Henry Lewis chromolithograph.

The gorge filled with the waters to the top of their bluffs, and a great water falls was created at downtown St. Paul. Powerful erosion forced the falls to retreat over 7,800 years back through the West End.

confluence of Mississippi and Minnesota rivers

The twelfth (!) West End Neighbors’ Garden Tour celebrated neighborhoods between the Mississippi River and West Seventh Street from Jefferson Avenue out to Fort Snelling—at times known as the Big Woods, Peasant Valley, the Gran Marain. It’s a plateau, a terrace, a valley between the bluffs of the Mississippi River. and West 7th Street. Its farms date from the 1850s, yielding beautiful yards and gardens, as well as many commercial landmarks.

)plant sale

Annual plant sale!

Pictured: our floral theme, the endangered Western Prairie Fringed Orchid. Watercolor by Michelle Hovde Bastian.

WENGT XII: June 8, 2019

A presentation at the Minnesota History Whatever 3 at the Swedish Institute, co-sponsored by the Minnesota Independent Scholars’ Forum, Minnesota Association of Local History Museums, Mixed Blood Theatre, Twin Cities Public Television and Minnesota Association of Museums.

The West End Neighbors’ Garden and History Tour
History as a Sense of (a Beautiful) Place

By Joe Landsberger

Twelve years ago a group of gardeners decided to put on a garden tour to do their part in building our immigrant working class neighborhood’s reputation—West 7th or the West End, one of Minnesota’s first neighborhoods. Local, small businesses make all possible with their advertising in the guide book.

Historically the neighborhood is unique: it was founded as an extension of Fort Snelling and American control of Dakota lands. However the West End was not habitable: basically swamp and bog on a plateau with bluffs that restricted access to the Mississippi River—a vital necessary regional transportation link. In the early 1800’s it was initially referred to as the Gran Morain (a glacial debris field), the Great Woods, and later Pleasant Valley reflecting the humble origins of its first settler immigrants of mostly three European groups:  Bavarians, Bohemians, and Swabians of Baden-Württemberg.

Early census records were historically interesting:  Bavarians were German, Bohemians were Austrian, and Swabians were Prussian. This identification changed in census records about the time of the first World War to better reflect their origins—and repression of Germanic people.

Immigrants literally developed “cultural” communities in the West End, initially as legal squatters: they drained the swamps, built impressive commercial buildings along “old Fort Road” or West Seventh Street, Randolph and Jefferson Avenues, and developed farms that served the emerging city-folk of downtown St. Paul. Working and rural class professions reflected their humble origins, but also emerged toward service industries within their communities.

Six years ago the garden tour committee decided to focus on one neighborhood within West Seventh to highlight individual neighborhoods and to make the “tour” more accessible and not so geographically broad. Four years ago we built on this concept and researched and wrote the histories.

This year, 2019, the gardens and history of the neighborhoods of Jefferson Avenue to Fort Snelling, between West 7th Street and the Mississippi River are featured. The free garden and history guide of maybe 70 pages will be distributed free the day of the tour, Saturday June 8 from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. A digital historical scavenger hunt will take place the month of May with prize drawing of $100 first prize, and second prize of $50 gift certificate at Parlour Restaurant.  The plant sale will again be a wonderful way of local gardeners sharing their surplus! All are welcome at 974 7th St West to start our tour!


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Header photo compliments of Christopher Touzelet, France.